Exploring Afro-Latino Identity in the 21st Century

Author: Ruben Ayala

In the diverse tapestry of Latin America, an often overlooked and underrepresented community exists—the Afro-Latinos.  Afro-Latinos are individuals of African descent living in Latin American countries, contributing richly to the region's cultural heritage. In this blog, we will delve into what it means to be Afro-Latino in the 21st century, examining their historical roots, cultural expressions, challenges faced, and the ongoing struggle for recognition.

Although this blog is written from a perspective point of view, I felt compelled to begin a conversation as I come from the Afro-Latino community and wish to shed light on several topics that frequently go overlooked.  Within almost every Latin America country, Afro-Latinos have struggled, and at times thrived, since slaves were brought to the lands in the early 16th century.  Not only is this conversation an important part to the overarching "Latinidad" topic - but also one for the sake of exploring African-American culture to include mainland North America.

While the aforementioned would almost require a separate blog entirely; it has always fascinated me how colonization has created so many different facets of "Afro" cultures within the Americas.  It is obvious I love my people and how they have managed to enhanced all aspects popular culture today.  Let's get into it!

3 men standing inside an art studio in puerto rico
The author (Ruben Ayala), Samuel Lind, and Ruben Ayala (the author’s father) in Loiza, PR at the Samuel Lind’s art studio.  

African Historical Roots:

The Afro-Latino identity traces back to the transatlantic slave trade, during which millions of Africans were forcibly brought to Latin America. Their arrival resulted in a blending of African, European, and Indigenous cultures, giving rise to a distinct Afro-Latino identity deeply intertwined with the region's history. Today, Afro-Latinos can be found across Latin America, with significant populations in countries such as Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

Trans Atlantic Slave Trade Map

Map of slave-trade voyages across the Atlantic. (Emory Center for Digital Scholarship, Mellon Foundation) 

You read that correctly - Haiti.  The often overlooked misconception of Latinos is that they are identified with just hispanic roots.  The truth of the matter is that Latin America is in reference to all Latin based speaking countries within North and South America; plus the Caribbean.  If you call yourself Latino - just know you have brethren in Jamaica, Haiti, Brazil etc… 

Cultural Expressions:

Afro-Latinos have significantly influenced Latin American culture through various artistic forms. From music genres like salsa, reggaeton, and samba to vibrant dance styles such as the samba, merengue, and rumba.  Additionally, Afro-Latino cuisine, featuring dishes like feijoada, sancocho, and mofongo, showcases the fusion of African and Latin American culinary traditions.  It goes without saying that Afro-Latino contributions are integral to the region's cultural fabric. 

Identity and Intersectionality

Afro-Latino identity is multifaceted, encompassing both African and Latin American cultural elements. However, Afro-Latinos often face distinct challenges due to their dual identity. Discrimination, racial prejudice, and marginalization persist, as Afro-Latinos are confronted with racism from both within and outside their communities. The intersectionality of race, ethnicity, and nationality shapes their experiences, making it crucial to address the unique struggles faced by Afro-Latinos to achieve social equity.

Pittsburgh Pirate outfielder Roberto Clemente onlooking the baseball field
Pittsburgh Pirates’ outfielder Roberto Clemente is seen, March 1968. (Associated Press)

Challenges and Ongoing Struggle:

Afro-Latinos continue to fight against racial inequality and strive for recognition and representation in various spheres. Access to quality education, healthcare, employment opportunities, and political representation remains unequal for many Afro-Latinos. Activist movements and organizations advocating for Afro-Latino rights have emerged, seeking to challenge systemic discrimination, promote cultural pride, and create avenues for social change.

Celebrating Afro-Latino Heritage:

Despite the challenges, Afro-Latinos celebrate their heritage and contribute significantly to Latin American society. Cultural festivals, such as Brazil's Carnaval, Colombia's Festival de Palenque, and Panama's Congo Festival, provide spaces for Afro-Latinos to showcase their cultural richness, fostering community pride and unity. Furthermore, Afro-Latino artists, writers, and intellectuals are reclaiming their narratives, challenging stereotypes, and reshaping historical narratives to highlight the importance of Afro-Latinos in shaping Latin American identity.


Being Afro-Latino in the 21st century signifies a complex interplay of race, culture, and identity. From their historical roots to their vibrant cultural expressions, Afro-Latinos have left an indelible mark on Latin American society. However, the struggle for recognition, equality, and social justice continues. It is imperative for individuals, communities, and societies to acknowledge and address the challenges faced by Afro-Latinos, fostering a more inclusive and equitable future. By engaging in open dialogue, supporting advocacy efforts, and celebrating Afro-Latino heritage, we can collectively work towards a more inclusive and just society where Afro-Latinos are fully appreciated and their contributions are recognized.

As we navigate the complexities of the 21st century, let us remember that Afro-Latinos are not only a testament to resilience but also a source of inspiration and cultural innovation. By embracing Afro-Latino identity, we embrace the diversity that has shaped our countries and communities, enriching our understanding of ourselves and our shared history.

Together, let us stand in solidarity with Afro-Latinos, promoting inclusivity, justice, and equality for all. By recognizing and appreciating the Afro-Latino experience in the 21st century, we can move towards a future where cultural diversity is celebrated, and every individual's identity is affirmed and respected.

Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.